small talk speech therapy talk with your hands

Talk with your Hands: Using Natural Gesture and Key Word Sign to Support Communication

Natural Gestures (like pointing and waving hello/goodbye) and Key Word Sign (the use of basic sign language alongside spoken language) are a great visual you can add to communication with your child. And the best part is the tools are always with you.

But wait! Won’t signing stop my child from talking?

Short answer: No

Let’s think about how child communication typically develops. Before words children use gestures (like pointing) to let you know what they want. These gestures usually prompt parents to ask the child questions (like “what do you want”) which they, the parents, then answer (e.g. “oh you want a cookie). These exchanges naturally get adults to model language for children to learn from.

gesture before words graphic

Key Word Sign and Natural Gestures can be used in the same way.

The GOOD NEWS is we can use them to both help children understand what we are saying to them, as well as, giving them an extra way of expressing themselves.

Who is it for?

who sign graphic

Answer: Everyone!

That’s right your child doesn’t have to have additional communication needs to be supported by Key Word Sign and Natural Gestures. But if your child does have these needs (e.g. late talker, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Apraxia or unclear speech, or an AAC user) they will definitely appreciate the boost it gives them.

Benefits:

  • Reduce the frustration of not being understood (when using verbal communication only)
  • Provides a visual to verbal instructions/questions to assist comprehension
  • Is a form of Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC) that is always with you

 

But where do I start?

where sign graphic

Answer: With 1 sign. (Yep you read that right, just one).

But which one?

which sign graphic

Answer: That’s a bit more complicated…

Choosing  your starting sign really depends on your family’s needs. A good starting point are core vocabulary words. These are the words that make up roughly 80% of what we say (making them perfect key words!). Choose a sign that is motivating for your child! Making sure you follow their interests when teaching new words and signs is essential. For example, your little one loves snack time.  You could choose “more” “yummy” or “eat” as your first sign.

Here is a core word sign grid from Scope and Key Word Sign Australia to give you some more ideas.

core word sign grid from scope/Key word sign NSW

And some food and animals signs for some more personalised options.

 

farm animals sign grid food sign grid zoo animal sign grid

How to

So you’ve picked your starting sign. Let’s say you picked “more.”

You could use this sign any time you are offering something desirable to your child. Give them a small amount of the desirable item. Wait. Ask them “More?” while modelling the sign. Wait. Ask again “do you want more?” while modelling the sign. Wait. Give them the item (too many repetitions of this without the reward will likely lead to a frustration or disinterest).

Some examples of desirable items are:

  1. Snack
  2. Drinks
  3. Toys with pieces (e.g. blocks and puzzles)
  4. Sensory games (e.g. tickles, bubbles, swinging)

Tips and Tricks:

  • Be seen: Make sure your child can see you while you are signing
  • Repeat, repeat, repeat
  • Use the sign in context (e.g. don’t sign “dog” if there’s no dog around, keep it in the here and now)
  • Be patient: Remember your child will need to build their understanding first, so don’t expect them to start signing back right away

Where to from here

Your speech pathologist can help you to learn and embed Key Word Sign and Natural Gesture into your child’s therapy plan.

Below are some handy resources you can use at home:

The Scope website also has more information on formal workshops with Key Word Sign Australia available for parent and professionals alike.

The Key Word Sign (KWS) app is also available from the apple store. This is a paid resource, but allows you to create a sign dictionary for your child (important if you need to adjust from standard signs due to motor difficulties).

Signbank is also a great free resource. It is the online Auslan (Australian sing language) dictionary and gives video examples to learn signs from.

 

remember sign graphic

Remember you only need 1 sign to get started. Choose a sign, use it often, be patient.

 

If you liked this blog you might like some of our other early language blogs (linked below)

How to accelerate your child’s language development (0-5 years of age): Our guide to Early Language Stimulation

When will my child talk?

My toddler isn’t talking yet… how do I teach him some words?

Building Language through Book Reading

Finding opportunities for language learning in every day: A busy family’s guide